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1. What is Wellhead Protection?
Wellhead Protection is a method of preventing contamination of a public water supply well by effectively managing potential contaminant sources in the area which contributes water to a public water supply well.

2. What authority does the County have to implement wellhead protection?

3. What is the benefit of Wellhead Protection?
A very clear benefit of Wellhead Protection is the emphasis on the prevention of drinking water contamination versus the remediation of a contaminated drinking water supply. The cost of prevention is less than the cost of remediation.

4. Does this rule effect private wells?
No. It only affects the public water supply

5. What is the definition of a public water supply well?
A public water supply well provides drinking water for human use to 15 or more service connections or 25 or more people for at least 60 days a year. A public water supply well is further defined as either a community or non-community water supply well.

A community water supply well serves 15 or more service connections used by year-round residents or at least 25 year-round residents. Examples include municipalities, sub-divisions and nursing homes.

Non-community water supply wells are divided into two categories:

A non-transient non-community supply well serves at least 25 of the same people of the year. Examples include schools, factories and hospitals.
A transient non-community well serves all other public water supply systems. Examples include restaurants, gas stations, churches, parks and campgrounds.

6. Is this voluntary?
Yes, at this time this is a voluntary program that the County entered into with the help from a grant from the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

7. Does a public water supplier have to own all the property within the inner-wellhead management zone (200 foot radius of a public water supply well)?
No. There is no requirement that a public water supplier own the property within the 200 foot radius which forms the inner wellhead management zone.

8. How does wellhead protection affect submitting plans for constructing a new community water supply well?

9. Who do I contact if I have questions?
Wellhead Protection Contacts:

More FAQs from EPA's Web Site - Will open in a new window

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Last Updated on Tuesday, 24 August 2010 12:45
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